Common Diseases.

These diseases described below are common to each other, but have seen partridges.
Infectious diseases of the red partridge in Spain can be summarized in the following points :

* VIRAL DISEASES:

-NEWCASTLE DISEASE: * Etiology : Paramyxovirus. * Incubation Period: It depends on the strain. Velogénicas 4 days. * Contagion: Direct, other birds, aerógeno.
* Symptoms: Nervous and digestive condition. Mortality 30 a 60 % , depends on its hardiness and secondary agents. * Injury: Bleeding in brain, proventriculus and intestine. spielautomaten kostenlos spielen ohne anmeldung ohne download is solely dedicated to helping you. * Diagnosis: Serelógico, by inhibition test and the test hemoaqlutinación of hemoqlutinación. * Prophylaxis and treatment: Vaccine strain La Sota. Managing the side agents. * Hunting use: Null.

-Fowlpox: * Etiology: Poxvirus. * Incubation Period: 6-8 days. * Age at presentation: Mainly adult, in spring and autumn. * Contagion: Via percutaneous, when vectors and by carrier. * Symptoms: Dry and wet form. Scabs and sores on exposed parts of feathers, and mouth and larynx, mainly. * Injury: There can be damage to liver and ovary. * Diagnosis: Serologic and virus isolation. * Prophylaxis and treatment: Vaccination with modified virus counterpart gallina in wing. Avoid, by treating, secondary type agents. * Hunting use: Birds without injury.

-ENCEFALOMIELITIS: * Etiology: Enteroviruses. * Incubation Period: 4-6 days. * Contagion: Direct. * Symptoms: Nervous affection. Incoordination. Effect on fertility. Embryonic mortality. * Diagnosis: Serelógico. * Prophylaxis and treatment: Ripple natural rearing. * Hunting use: Once past the process.

-Laryngotracheitis: * Etiology: Herpes virus alfa. * Incubation Period: Depends strain, between 4 and 9 days. Long latency periods. * Contagion: Direct the aerogenes. * Symptoms: Eye condition, conjunctivitis and respiratory failure. * Injury: Mucosa desquamation, tracheal and conjunctival.
* Diagnosis: Serological. Clinical. * Prophylaxis: Vaccination. * Hunting use: Not.

* BACTERIAL DISEASES:

-COLIBACILOSIS: * Etiology: It. coli. * Incubation Period: 2-4 days. * Age at Onset: Lifetime. * Contagion: Water, feed, environment, carriers.
* Symptoms: Prostration vertical transmission and mortality. Diarrhea. The. * Injury: Onfalitis, pericarditis, aerosaculitis y perihepatitis. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory. * Prophylaxis and treatment: Clean up water and feed. Avoid carriers. Cleaning and renovation of facilities. Avoid consecutive cycles. Whitening breeding to prevent vertical transmission. Treat with antibiotics. * Hunting use: Cured poultry, one, chronic birds, no.

-Salmonellosis: * Etiology: Motionless specific Salmonella: -, Chickens, hens. Salmonella heterospecific. * Incubation Period: 4-6 days mobile, getting carriers. Subclinical mobile. * Age at presentation: -Colts, same weeks. – The downside Arum y móviles, lifelong. * Contagion: Water, feed, rodents and carriers. * Symptoms: Colts, white diarrhea, cloacal obstruction, dehydration, lameness and death last incubation period. Hens, low production, diarrhea, lameness emaciation, mortality in the last period of incubation. * Injury: Colts, lack of resorption of the yolk sac and eye damage. Hens, Like the previous, plus necrotic hepatitis oophoritis. Mobile, enteritis y pericarditis. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory. * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Avoid, by serological, carriers players.
-Quarantine and serology of animals newly hired. -Routine stool test. -Cleaning and pest control. -Avoid infections in hatchery. -Sanitation and cleaning of eggs. -Salmonella-free feed. -Specific vaccination. -Treatment with effective antibiotics. * Hunting use: Not, immobile.

-STANPHYLOCOCIAS: * Etiology: Stanphylococcus y epidermidis. * Incubation Period: 7-10 days. * Age: All Ages. * Contagion: Gate entrance wounds. * Symptoms: Mortality, cojeras, Costras, tumors. * Injury: Cutaneous and articular. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory (isolation).
* Prophylaxis and isolation: -Disinfection and cleaning. -Avoid carriers. -Dealing with antibiotics vs. Gram (+). * Harnessing genetic: Not, injured bird.

-PASTEURELLOSIS: * Etiology: Pasteurella multocida type A, serotypes 3, 5, 7. * Incubation Period: 6-8 days. * Contagion: Contact, y aerógeno.
* Symptoms: Sadness and prostration. * Injury: Sinusitis and conjunctivitis. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory. * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Avoid wheel cycles, carriers. -Treatment with antibiotics. * Hunting use: Only aves Sanas.

-MYCOPLASMOSIS: * Etiology: Mycoplasma gallisepticum. * Incubation Period: 7-10 days. * Age at Onset: Lifetime. * Contagion: Carriers, vertical transmission and other birds. * Symptoms: Breathing fatigosa, sinusitis, the, weakness, mortality last incubation period and lameness.
* Injury: Lack of resorption of the yolk sac, pneumonia and aerosaculitis. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory. * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Avoid carriers. -Cleaning and disinfection. -Dealing with macrolide or quinolone broad spectrum. * Hunting use: None in chronic cases.

-Chlamydiosis: * Etiology: Chlamydia psittaci. * Incubation Period: 3-4 days. * Age at Onset: Lifetime. * Contagion: Aerogeno or other birds. * Symptoms: Neumonía y tos. * Injury: Pulmonary congestion and sinusitis. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory. Serological, by complement fixation. *Prophylaxis and treatment: -Cleaning and disinfection. -Avoid carrying birds. – Treatment in acute cases. * Hunting use: Null, do have antibodies.

* FUNGAL DISEASES:

-FUNGOSIS-MICOTOXICOSIS: * Etiology: -Asperqyllus flavus y fumigatus. -Penicillium. -Fusarium. -Etc. * Incubation Period: Depends on environmental conditions, between 48 and 72 hours. * Age at Onset: Lifelong. Typical incubation Asperqyllus. * Contagion: Direct materials contaminated by the. * Symptoms: -In Asperqillosis: respiratory distress, snap lock and pulmonary. -In other fungosis: diarrhea and prostration. -In Mycotoxins: High mortality and increased susceptibility to disease. * Injury: -In Aspergillosis: caseous nodules in lung and sucos. -In other fungosis: enteritis. -In Mycotoxins: sores in mouth and gizzard. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory (isolation). * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Cleaning and disinfection. -Antifungal therapy in acute. -Fumigation of eggs and incubator. -Avoid administering materials contaminated with mycotoxins.
* Hunting use: Birds apparently cured and normal conditions.

* CANDIDIASIS: * Etiology: Candida albicans. * Incubation Period: 2-3 days. * Age at Onset: Lifetime. * Contagion: -Prolonged antibiotic administration. -Direct. * Symptoms: Diarrhea, prostration and death. * Injury: Ulcerations in the gizzard and intestinal epithelial desquamation. * Diagnosis: Clinical and laboratory. * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Cleaning and disinfection. -Fumigation. -Treatment (Nystatina).
* Harnessing genetic: Healthy animals and recovered.

* PARASITOSES:

-ASCARIDIOSIS: * Etiology: Ascaris lumbricoides qallus. * Incubation Period: 15 days. * Age at Onset: Lifetime. * Contagion: Birds on the ground, period of rest in voladeros, other birds, carriers, etc.. * Symptoms: Emaciation and makes foam. * Injury: En tracto intestinal.
* Diagnosis: Clinician caprológico. * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Cleaning. -Routine stool analysis. -Treatment: Tretamisol or Piperacina. -Clean up parks and aviaries. – Prevent entry of birds. * Hunting use: Null in birds carrying. * Others: Heterakis blind hens Singamus tracheae and tracheal. Treatment:.

-TENIASIS: * Etiology: Different Types of Tapeworm. Familias Davaineidae the Hymenolepidae. * Incubation Period: It depends on each species. * Age at Onset: Lifetime. * Contagion: -Direct. -Guests intemediarios (Lobsters, worms and snails). -Other birds. * Symptoms: Pasty Enflaquecimiento.Heces. * Injury: En tracto intestinal. * Diagnosis: Clinical and Stool. * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Breaking the parasitic Sky. Sanitize voladeros. -Clean the breeding and rearing. * Hunting use: A once healthy and wormed.

-Coccidiosis: * Etiology: Necatrix and Eimeria tenella. * Incubation Period: 7-8 days. * Age at Onset: 3-5 weeks. * Contagion: Direct, carrier birds, favorable conditions in aviaries or ground installations. * Symptoms: Diarrhea, prostration and death. * Injury: In intestinal tract mucosa typhlitis and flaking. * Diagnosis: Stool. * Prophylaxis and treatment: -Sanear field installation, burning sand surface and renew. -Anticocciodiósicos Dealing with the feed or water. * Hunting use: Whenever birds are completely healed.

-TRETAMEROSIS: * Etiology: Tetramer fissipina (Paloma y Patos) y pattersoni (Colin-Virginia). * Incubation Period: Aquatic crustacean Daphnia cycle and gamarus. Weeks. * Contagion: Ingestion of contaminated shellfish. * Symptoms: Sadness, dejection, ruffling feathers, emaciation , weak, Greenish diarrhea and death cachexia. * Injury: Cachexia and subcutaneous edema, proventruculitis and mucosal ulcers.
* Diagnosis: Presence of parasites in the proventriculus glands and ulcers in mucosa. * Diagnosis: Presence of parasites in the glands of the proventriculus. * Treatment:.